Vegans, Vegetarians, and Pescatarians

Before discussing about the Vegans, Vegetarians, and Pescatarians, let’s discuss a little history.  Prior to the Industrial Revolution, all societies were agricultural. People would
grow their crops, grind their wheat, bake their bread, and preserved
food for winter. Upon the advent of Industrialization between 1760-1840, society
changed drastically. Factories were used to manufacture textiles & clothing using
machinery, as a result of which the cost of producing goods became less
expensive. Food technology was invented and preservatives and chemicals were
used to elongate the shelf lives of packaged and manufactured products. By
resorting to the use of additives, the chemical composition, the nutritive value of
manufactured edibles diminished significantly.
Many people wonder why it is that we cannot eat like how our ancestors
used to. The reason for that is because our lifestyles have changed and so has the
quality of the food we are consuming. Our ancestors who were farmers were
much more physically active than we are and the food which they consumed was
100% natural and did not contain any harmful additives. Back in the olden days,
people didn’t have cars, so their lifestyles were different which is why they could
probably consume greater calories without putting on weight and were not so
obsessed about what they were eating like how many people are in the present
day.
Nowadays, most of the packaged food we purchase at grocery stores has tons of
additives and preservatives in them. In addition, hormones are being used in
meat to fatten up animals and boost up meat production for greater profit
margins which not only harm us but also lessen the nutritional benefits we could
gain from animal protein. Additionally, Genetically Modified foods have even had
a worse effect on our bodies which is the common reason why the number of
individuals with food allergies and celiac disease is on the rise. For these
reasons, several people have resorted to specific kinds of diets such as vegan,
vegetarian, and pescatarian diets to combat, reduce, or minimize the adverse
effect that Industrialized foods containing GMO’sGMOs have had on their bodies.
North America is a new continent and many concepts and ideas that people here
have, have been derived or adopted from other societies. For instance, veganism,
and vegetarianism have existed in South East Asia or India for centuries due to the
religious beliefs of Hindus and Buddhists. North Americans have recently
discovered and resorted to adopting these diets into their lifestyles for reasons
other than religion. The industrialization of food has led to mass production of it
which has been done with the use of growth hormones and harmful chemicals
injected into animal proteins. Not only does the meat we consume contain by-products of such chemicals, but so does the yogurt and milk we eat. If steroids
and growth hormones make animals grow bigger and fatter, then what is it doing
to our bodies? Even the organic meat we eat may not be 100% organic because
according to the law, a product has got to be 60% organic to be classified
and labelled as “organic” at a grocery store. For this reason, those of us who are
ultra-conscious about our health have altogether refrained from eating any
animal products, including eggs, and have resorted to maintaining a vegan or
vegetarian, or pescatarian diet to keep healthy. But what exactly defines or
constitutes a vegan, vegetarian, or pescatarian diet?

A Vegan diet
A vegan diet includes vegetables, carbohydrates, and legumes, but no meat,
poultry, fish, seafood, or dairy products. It also excludes fish, eggs, and baked
items containing any dairy. People who consume a vegan diet must make sure
that they are eating enough pulses to ensure that they are getting enough protein
in their diet.

A Vegetarian diet
This type of diet does not include meat, poultry or fish, or seafood. However,
there are some subtypes of vegetarians that may or may not include dairy
products such as milk, cheese, butter, ice cream, and eggs. People who consume a
lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet do not consume any animal or poultry products but
consume poultry by-products such as eggs and milk. Diets like the Lacto, vegetarian kind eliminates flesh products of animals and poultry as well. But they
consume milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt. The Ovo-vegetarian eliminates all
animals products as well as dairy products but includes eggs. People with such
diets are at a lower risk of developing bodily inflammation, heart disease, and
certain types of cancer.

A Pescatarian diet
This diet includes all vegetarian products such as leafy green vegetables in
addition to fish and seafood but excludes all animal and poultry products and by-products. People who consume such diets are not counted as vegetarians because
they include fish and other seafood products like prawns, crabs, and shrimp. They
also consume bean, legumes, and fish oils which are good for health. The best and
common things about these diets are that they contain essential nutrients and are
free of all preservatives, added sugars, and saturated fats. People who choose any
of these diet patterns have a lower risk of developing health-related issues
commonly associated with obesity. They live longer and healthier lives because
they consume natural products and do not require any supplements. A lot of sea
products such as soup stock made of fish bones and seaweed contain a lot of
calcium which is great for our bone health. Pescatarians will unlikely have any
vitamin deficiency in their diets because their nutritional needs will have been
met in such a way.

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